• Big Five

  • RHINO, Rhinoceros unicornis

    Kaziranga has the world's largest population (approximately 2200 nos.) of the great Indian one horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). The animal gets its name from the Greek words rhis - nose and keros - horn. The rhino is generally solitary, unless accompanied by a calf. Its life span is approximately 45 years and from six to eight years of age the female becomes capable of giving birth to a young one. Despite its bulk, the rhino can attain speeds up to 48 to 50 kms.

  • ASIAN ELEPHANT, Elephas maximus

    Kaziranga has over 1,000 Asian elephants. Kaziranga's wild elephant population is not static. Herds move along traditional migratory routes over long distances. Herds are led by matriarchs. Males are usually solitary, but may also be found in the company of a younger male. Early mornings and late afternoons are the preferred times to feed in the open. When the sun is high, they choose forested parts of their range where they will continue feeding on branches, leaves, barks and fruits. On an average, they weigh 3,000 kgs.

  • TIGER, Panthera tigris

    Kaziranga National Park is home to more than 110 tigers and is reputed to have the highest density of tigers in proportion to its core area. Sighting of tigers, though rare, is a majestic sight in the natural setting of Kaziranga's huge bio-diverse savanna grassland.

  • ASIATIC WILD BUFFALO, Bubalus bubalis

    About 1,400 buffalo population is there in Kaziranga. Kaziranga harbours a crucial breeding population of buffalos. Sporting magnificent horns, perhaps the largest among all bovines in the world, wild buffalos are formidable opponents that can weigh over 1,000 kgs. Like rhinos and elephants, wild buffalo can be seen grazing in and around Kaziranga's many beels (swamps and small lakes) in the morning and afternoon. Males are essentially solitary though herds may comprise of a dominant male.

  • SWAMP DEER, Cervus duvauceli rnjitsinghi

    Approximately 500 Swamp Deer or Barasingha (twelve-horned deer), the largest population in Eastern India are there in Kaziranga. Swamp deer prefers grasslands with reed brakes and patches of tree forests.

    Kaziranga is home to 35 species of mammals, 500 species of avifauna,60 species of reptiles , 24 species of amphibians,42 species of fishes , 440species of plants and 491 species of butterflies

Kaziranga National Park

image

About Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is a World Heritage Site. The landscape of Kaziranga consists of 430 square kilometers of swamps and grassland, tall thickets of Savanna Elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes... More and shallow pools and patches of evergreen forest shallow pools and patches of evergreen forest. kaziranga National Park is famous for the great India one horned rhinoceros but it is not all about rhinos. Besides 60% of world's endangered one horned rhinoceros, the park sustains half the world's population of Wild Water Buffaloes, over 1000 wild elephants and perhaps the densest population of Royal Bengal Tigers. Kaziranga is also bird watcher's paradise and home to some 500 species of birds. The Crested Serpent Eagle, Palla's Fishing Eagle and the Grey Headed Fsihing Eagle circle the sky above the marshes. The Swamp Partridge, the Bar Headed Goose, the Whistling Teal, the Bengal Florican, Storks, Herons and Pelicans play in the water. Each monsoon the mighty Brahmaputra overflows and floods the park by bringing back lease of life into the parched land replenishing the 200 'beels' or shallow lakes with water and fish.. Less

image

Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros

Kaziranga National Park is the sanctuary that is home to the Indian one-horned rhino. The Indian Rhinoceros can run at speeds of up to 25 mph (40 km/h) for short periods of time and is also an excellent swimmer.More It has excellent senses of hearing and smell, but relatively poor eyesight.

There was a time when the one horned Rhino population at kaziranga was about 200 but kudos to the extensive wildlife conservation programme of government of India by whose effort at present there are about 1500 one horned rhinos at the Kaziranga National Park. In fact, two thirds of the world's one horned Rhinos live at the Kaziranga National park in Assam, India Less

image

Flora

The flora in the Kaziranga National Park mainly constitute of the three major kinds: alluvial flooded grasslands comprising of the tall thickets of the elephant More grass as well as short grasses, humid and wet evergreen forests as well as the tropical and semi-evergreen forests. However, the major characteristics of the flora in the Kaziranga are dense and the tall elephant grass interwoven by the small swamplands behind created by receding floodwaters of river Brahmaputra.

Tall elephant grass is found on higher ground, whil short grasses cover the lower grounds surrounding the heels or flood-created ponds. Annual flooding, grazing by her bivores, and controlled burning maintain and fertilize the grasslands and reeds. Common tall grasses are sugarcanes, spear grass, elephant grass, and the common reed. Numerous herbs are present along with the grasses. Less

image

Fauna

The park contains significant breeding populations of 35 mammalian species, out of which 15 are threatened mammals according to the IUCN Red List. More 479 species of birds (both migraory and resident) have been spotted at the park, including 25 globally threatned and 21 near threatened apecies. the park has also been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Bird Life International for the conservation of the avifaunal species. A total of 42 species of reptile have been reported from the park. These include the endangered Gharial and the rare Assam Roofed Turtle. Less

 

Climate

Climate Temp.
Summer Max 35 C Min. 18 C.
Winter Max 24 C Min 7 C.
Annual rainfall 2300 mm, heavy in summer.

 

Visitor activities

Observing the wildlife, including birding, is the main visitor activity in and around the park. Guided tours by elephant or Jeep are available.The Lower Himalayan peaks frame the park's landscape of trees and grass interspersed with numerous ponds.